Lebanon consists of two main mountain ranges, Mount Lebanon range & Anti-Lebanon range.
Cover image: Mario Fares, Mt Hermon as seen from Mount Sannine.
MOUNT LEBANON RANGE: Mount Lebanon range consists of seven plateau, from North to South:
1- AMMOUAA PLATEAU its highest peak is “Qornet el Madwe” (2228m) and the second highest is “Jabal el Arouba” (2225m)
2- MEKMEL PLATEAU its highest peak is “Qornet el Sawda” (3088m) and the second highest is “Znanir” (3073m)
3- MNAYTRA PLATEAU its highest peak is “Jabal el Rawhe” (2292m) and the second highest is “Qornet el Shelale” (2187m)
4- SANNINE PLATEAU its highest peak is “Harf el Mraffe” at 2628m and the second highest point is “Qwami3 el Abed” 2625m, noting that “Zaarour” mountain is considered as part of Sannine Massif.
5- KNEISSE PLATEAU its highest peak is ‘Tallet el manara” (2091m) and the second highest point is 2042m in “Rouaimat” region.
6- BAROUK PLATEAU its highest peak is point 1951m in “Dhour Aalye” and the second highest is “Dahr Machraa el Baqra” 1943m
7- NIHA PLATEAU its highest peak is “Tawmet Niha” 1700m and its second highest is “Tawmet Jezzine” 1674m
The Anti-Lebanon range stretches from South-East to North East Lebanon over 150km, running parallel to Mount-Lebanon Range and it forms the geographic border between Lebanon & Syria.
Knowing that the summit of Mount Hermon “Jabal el Sheikh” 2814m lies in the Syrian territory, the highest peak of the Anti-Lebanon range in Lebanon is “RAS WADI el HAJAR” 2629m and its second highest peak lies at an altitude of 2624m.
By: Eddy Saab